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Pulmonary Actinomycosis with Endobronchial Involvement: A Case Report and Literature Review

Authors: Donya Farrokh, Fariba Rezaitalab, Banafsheh Bakhshoudeh   
Pulmonary actinomycosis is a rare chronic pulmonary infection caused by actinomyces, a Gram–positive, microaerophilic bacterium. Pulmonary involvement other than cervicofacial or abdominopelvic actinomycosis is uncommon and often leads to a misdiagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis or lung cancer. Endobronchial involvement is very rare in pulmonary actinomycosis. Here in, we describe the case of a 66–year–old male patient, referred with a history of massive hemoptysis since a few weeks ago. Plain chest radiograph and computerized tomographic scan revealed a dens consolidation in the right upper lobe; which was confirmed to be pulmonary actinomycosis with endobronchial involvement by transbronchial biopsy.
Key words: Actinomycosis, Pulmonary, Sulphur granules

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10:29 - 2015/06/16    /    number : 20723    /    Show Count : 290

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